February 14, 2019

(ED FUNDING) Permanent link

FY19 Appropriations: Is the end in sight? Will Congress and the President avoid another shutdown?

Up against the clock of a short-term federal funding deal that expires on February 15, it appears Congress has reached consensus on a compromise bill to fund the remaining portions of the federal government, a middle ground on the contentious border security debate, and avoided another shutdown. The Senate is expected to consider and adopt the proposal today, and the House will follow suit. It is anticipated—but not certain—the President will sign the deal. He has indicated, but not confirmed, support. The deal needs to be finalized before midnight on Friday to avoid a shutdown. This will bring the final FY19 appropriations process to a close (nearly 5 months after the fiscal year started on October 1). You’ll recall that education was largely untouched in the shutdown, as our portion of the appropriations process was funded on time last fall.

The conference report can be found here, a section by section summary here, and an explanatory statement here

I am including a top-line summary of the funding levels included in the bill. Of the programs and agencies impacted, we were most closely following the Department of Agriculture, as it is the agency that funds the school meals programs. (H/T to our friends in the Children’s Budget Coalition for this quick list): 


  • Department of Homeland Security: $49.4 billion, $1.7 billion above FY 18
  • Agriculture-Food Drug Administration: $23.042 billion in discretionary funding, $32 million above FY 18 
    • WIC is funded only at $6.075 billion, a $100 M cut from FY 18
    • Summer EBT and School Meal Equipment grants are level funded with FY 18 at $28 M and $30 M, respectively
  • Commerce Justice Science: 71.5 billion, $1.6 billion above FY 18 
    • Census is funded at $3.83 billion, an increase of more than $ 1 billion over FY 18
    • Title V Juvenile Justice Delinquency Prevention Grants received $24.5 Million, $3 million below FY 18
    • Youth MENTOR grants received $95 million, a $1 million increase over FY 18
    • CASA level funded at $12 million
  • Interior-Environment: $35.6 billion, $300 million over FY 18
    • The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry is level funded at $74.6 million
    • Indian Education Elementary and Secondary School Programs are funded at $582.58 million, an increase of $3.3 million over FY 18.
  • Transportation and Housing Urban Development: $71.1 billion, a $1 billion increase over FY 18
    • Includes more than $17 billion in funding for new infrastructure projects
    • Public and Indian Housing received $31 billion, a $716.6 million increase over FY 18
    • The Office of Lead Hazard Control and Healthy Homes received $279 million, an increase of $49 million above FY 18
  • State and Foreign-Ops: $54.2 billion in discretionary funding, including $8 billion in OCO funding—a $200 million increase over FY 18
  • Financial Services: Level funded at $23.42 billion. 
    • The IRS received $11.3 billion, an increase of $75 million above FY 18. $77 million is designated for implementation of FY 2017 tax legislation