Native American Bilingual Education: An Ethnography of Powerful Forces

Type: Article
Topics: Equity, Journal of Scholarship and Practice, Leadership Development

January 01, 2023

This book, as an ethnography, comes straight from the author’s perspective of her eight years working and observing the Crow Tribe in Montana. It also covers a thirty-year period when education in the United States was undergoing a critical time of trying to understand how to best approach teaching members of the Crow Tribe within the context of the dominant society, as well as address the matter of race in America. The political and social dilemmas at large make the prospects of educating American Indians even more complex.

The author, Cheryl Crawley, is a third generation Montanan with sensitivity to this sub-population. She has worked on and off the Crow Indian Reservation of Montana. From 1978 to 1986 she worked directly with the indigenous population during this study. She spent a year at the University of California at Berkeley doing graduate work for her doctorate.  Afterwards she entered the field of school administration as director of student services for the Salem Oregon Public Schools. She later assumed the role of superintendent of schools for two other Oregon school districts.


Written by Cheryl Crawley, PhD Reviewed by Art Stellar, PhD
Editorial Review Board
AASA Journal of Scholarship and Practice

Kenneth Mitchell, Manhattanville College

Associate Editor
Barbara Dean, AASA, The School Superintendents Association

Editorial Review Board
Jessica Anspach, Montclair State University
Brandon Beck, Ossining Public Schools
Gina Cinotti, Netcong Public Schools, New Jersey
Michael Cohen, Denver Public Schools
Betty Cox, University of Tennessee, Martin
Vance Dalzin, Carthage College, Kenosha, WI
Mary Lynne Derrington, University of Tennessee
Ryan Fisk, East Rockaway Public Schools, NY
Denver J. Fowler, Southern Connecticut State University
Daniel Gutmore, Seton Hall University
Gregory Hauser, Roosevelt University, Chicago
Steve Hernon, St. John’s University
Zach Kelehear, Augusta University, GA
Kevin Majewski, Seton Hall University
Joanne Marien, Manhattanville College
Nelson Maylone, Eastern Michigan University
Robert S. McCord, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, Emeritus
Barbara McKeon, Broome Street Academy Charter High School, New York, NY
Margaret “Terry” Orr, Fordham University
Brian Osborne, Lehigh University
David J. Parks, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Joseph Phillips, Manhattanville College
Joseph Ricca, White Plains City School District
Thomas C. Valesky, Florida Gulf Coast University, Emeritus
Charles Wheaton, Leadership Services, Granger, WA