Resources                                                Pages 40-41


Resource Bank



Superintendent Charisma
Charisma is not a predicted characteristic of those reaching the superintendency, according to a doctoral dissertation completed in 2013 by BeAnn M. Younker at Indiana State University.

She surveyed 152 educators in Indiana using the 25-item Conger-Kanungo Charisma Scale. Her principal finding: Charisma was not characteristic of the Indiana respondents.

Her analysis determined that gender, age, ethnicity, level of education, years of experience as a superintendent, years of leadership prior to the superintendency, size of school district and locale of the district did not predict significant variance in charismatic leadership.

(Copies of “Predicting Charisma in Public School Superintendents” are available from ProQuest at 800-521-0600 or disspub@proquest.com.)



Expanded Hours
A new report by the National Center on Time & Learning considers the financial aspect of adding hours to the traditional school day or adding days to the traditional school year.

“Financing Expanded Learning Time in Schools: A Look at Five District Expanded-Time Schools” examines staffing and programming costs, the funding sources districts use and case studies of five school districts.

Read the full report at http://bit.ly/expandedLearning.

Social Ties and Sleep
A study published in the Journal of Health and Social Behaviors contends that teenagers who view their social ties as a source of support have healthier sleep patterns than those who see them as a source of stress. The study sampled 974 teens.

Read the full study at http://hsb.sagepub.com/content/54/4/498.abstract.

Neuroscience Approaches
A new Education Endowment Foundation review examined 18 neuroscience-based education topics to consider the strength of evidence supporting their practical application.

The review concluded that five subjects were the most developed in terms of educational application: math, reading, exercise, spaced learning and testing.

Read the full review at http://bit.ly/neuroscienceEducation



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