The School Administrator

August 1998Social Promotion vs. RetentionIs there a better option?

Features

  • Retention vs. Social Promotion

    by Donna Harrington-Lueker


    An increasing number of schools are adopting strict new promotion guidelines and holding back students who don’t meet the standards they’ve established. Also: The politics of retention and the revival of summer school. Donna Harrington-Lueker is a free-lance education writer based in Newport, R.I.

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  • Failing Grades for Retention

    by GARY NATRIELLO


    The preponderance of educational research finds fault in the practice of holding students in grade, according to a professor of sociology and education at Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, N.Y. Also: recommended resources.

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  • Alternatives to Grade Retention

    by LINDA DARLING-HAMMOND


    The executive director of the National Center for Restructuring Education, Schools and Teaching at Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, N.Y., offers four alternatives to retention that improve teaching and learning.

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  • Wrestling with Retention

    by KAREN E. DeVRIES AND CARL A. COHN


    Top leaders of the Long Beach, Calif., district describe their tack for ending social promotion. Also: Long Beach’s promotion and retention policy; the challenges of running a second-chance program; a skeptical principal’s changing views on retention; and the merits of summer schooling. Karen DeVries is an area superintendent in the Long Beach Unified School District, Long Beach, Calif. Carl Cohn is superintendent in Long Beach.

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  • The Fate of Middle Schooling

    by RONALD D. WILLIAMSON and J. HOWARD JOHNSTON


    Whether middle schools survive as a movement will depend on an effective response to orthodox thinking and other challenges, according to two authorities. Ronald Williamson is an assistant professor of educational leadership and cultural foundations at University of North Carolina at Greensboro, N.C. Howard Johnston is a professor of education at University of South Florida.

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Profile

    Arlene Ackerman by JAY P. GOLDMAN



    Superintendent, District of Columbia

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    Departments

    Focus

    In Shark-Infested Waters, It’s Wise to Be Wary by JAMES K. WALTER



    Associate professor and program coordinator of educational administration, Texas A&M University, Corpus Christi.

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    Guest Column

    Priorities That Can Save a Life by RAYMOND J. PENTKOWSKI



    Superintendent, Battenkill Valley Supervisory Union, Arlington, Vt.

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    Federal Dateline

    One Third of a Nation by NICHOLAS J. PENNING



    Senior education analyst, AASA

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    Focus

    Making Time for In-Service Training by THOMAS R. GUSKEY



    Professor of educational policy studies and evaluation, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Ky.

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    President's Corner

    An Immigrant Fulfilling a Dream by Daniel A. Domenech



    President, AASA

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